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Old 01-09-2007, 09:19 AM   #14
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Amniocentesis carries various risks, including:

*Miscarriage. Amniocentesis carries a slight risk of miscarriage, often due to rupture of the amniotic sac. The risk of miscarriage is highest when the procedure is done early in pregnancy, before the two layers of fetal membranes have sealed. By the second trimester, however, the risk of miscarriage drops. In fact, in a 2006 study, researchers found no notable difference in miscarriage rates for women who had amniocentesis during the second trimester and women who didn't.

*When amniocentesis is used later in pregnancy to assess a baby's lung maturity, rupture of the amniotic sac causes little concern because safe delivery is nearly always possible at that point.

* Other complications. Cramping is possible after amniocentesis, and up to 3 percent of women experience light ******l bleeding. Up to 1 percent of women leak amniotic fluid through the ******, which increases the risk of orthopedic problems in early infancy and childhood. Infection is rare. If you develop a fever following an amniocentesis, contact your health care provider.

* Rh sensitization. Rarely, amniocentesis may cause the baby's blood cells to enter the mother's bloodstream. If you have Rh negative blood and your baby has Rh positive blood, you'll be given a drug called Rh immunoglobulin after amniocentesis to prevent you from producing antibodies against your baby's blood cells.

* Needle injury. During amniocentesis, the baby may move an arm or leg into the path of the needle. Serious needle injuries are rare.

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