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Old 11-22-2002, 06:27 PM   #1
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Default Professional Volleyball


When the Federation International de Volleyball (FIVB) disemboweled volleyball of its side out scoring system, they eviscerated volleyball of some of its most prolific and unique competitive features. Now, what FIVB is presently promoting as volleyball, under the malefic influence of rally point scoring, is nothing more than the reanimated corpse of what W.G. Morgan created as a team net sport back in 1895.

SYMPTOM: (2:5)
The fact is, if the FIVB had any sense of balance, insight, intuitive perceptions, or integral rational when they attempted to remold volleyball's scoring system, they would have benefited far better, if they would have taken advantage of what potential volleyball had to offer, and should have put more mental effort into working with the intrinsic values of volleyball's side out scoring system's competitive nature. But, they didn't and in their attempt to develop an equitable offensive and defensive scoring system, they failed miserably. The FIVB, either by ignorance, by fault of thought, or suffering from acute vacuity, neglected to recognize the importance of the serve and the significance of the service team's position in this kind of team net sport, as the game's catalysts.

Under the rally point scoring system, the team in service is handicapped with the serve, and the receiving team is in the dilemma of having the scoring advantage for the disadvantage of the serve. The team in service has one hit to send a ball over the net on the serve to score points. The receiving team has the advantage of three hits to set up a counterattack and numerous different types of opportunities to score points off the serve. So, under the rally point scoring system, it would seem that the serve has become more of a sacrifice than a challenge.
What is the source of origin for rally point scoring? The following is a description of the rules of play for ping pong with inserts in parenthesis to highlight its rally point connection: "hitting the ball back and forth over the net until one player (team player) misses the ball, or hits it onto the net or off the table (court); in each of these cases, the opponent scores a point. When a serve touches the net (hits the net and slides down on the opponent's court) but otherwise a good serve, it is called a "let". Ping pong is a game where each player has a paddle and one hit to bounce the ball off the table, on serve or in play, to send it over the net in an attempt to score.
Under the influence of ping pong via the rally point scoring system, in a scenario where team "A" and "B" start a game with team "A" in service: If team "A" makes a bad serve like a line fault, team "B" will earn a point. Then team "B" earns the right to be disadvantaged with the serve: If team "B" serves the ball into the net for a bad serve, team "A" will earn a point and then they will be burden with the serve again. When team "A" makes their second serve, if they hit the ball over the net and successfully score a point against team "B", team "A" will have to make a third serve. If team "A" then hits the ball over the net and out of bounds, team "B" will earn another point.
In the four serves just described, the ball was only served over the net once. Team "A" served the ball three times and was the only team that hit or served the ball over the net. Team "B" served the ball once and they never hit the ball over the net. Four points were scored and as incredible as it is, truth being stranger than fiction, team "A" and team "B" are tied at two points each. If that isn't an inflated and gross misrepresentation of the net value of competitive action in an offensive and defensive scoring system for a team net sport, it will have to do unless something worse comes along, if that's possible.
And if all of that arenít bad enough, if team "A" and team "B" have scored a game to set point 23 to 24, and team "A" is at service with 23 points and makes a bad serve, team "B" wins the set. The ball doesn't have to be served over the net and a team doesn't have to be challenged to hit the ball off the serve to win a set.
The rally point scoring system's anemic, self inflicting, unearned error point's system and its anticlimactic methods of winning a game, are not examples of how anomalies may be created when working to develop an equitable offensive and defensive scoring system for a team net sport. These are two different stages of how and when rigormortis sets into a team net sport that has been unbalanced, become redundantly repetitive and is suffering from stress, competitive convulsion, and shock. And, they are the direct results of the Fallacious Indolent Vertiginous Blunderers (FIVB) efforts to make a team net sport out of ping pong and displace it onto a volleyball court.
THERAPY: (4:5)
Under the side out scoring system, a served ball is a challenge and a threat because it can't be penalized error points to the advantage of the service team's opponent. However, It is also the responsibility of the team in service to provoke a competitive situation of cause and effect. When a team in service fails to fulfill the character of its role, a penalty situation would be defined and enforced. And, a service penalty where a point would be lost instead of awarded to a team by error would be more the proper judgment of an offensive and defensive scoring system's competitive nature for a team net sport.
In a game like volleyball, the service team's exclusive advantage to maintain earned points off the serve should remain inviolate. If the service team fails in its responsibility to successfully challenge its opponents off the serve, it should be penalized a point. The service team would lose one point off its score. From this method, a service team's opponents would benefit by increasing its lead, reducing the service teams lead, or gaining the lead if both teams are tied. But, most important of all, there would be no unearned points awarded, non competitive action would be devalued, and each team would have to gain set/game point off the net value of its own competitive scoring strategies and skills.
However, in order for the serve to be valuable enough to compete for in an offensive and defensive side out scoring system, the receiving team would be limited with two hits off any serve. When the receiving team is then able to successfully hit and send the ball back over the net in two hits, the service team would be the first team to have the three hit advantage of setting up an attack to score. The receiving team could earn the service off their two hit defense of the serve, but they would not be allowed to score unless they successfully defended against the service team's three hit attack. The third time the ball is hit over the net, is after the service team has had first opportunity to set up an attack off three hits. The third time the ball crosses over the net, is also when the receiving team
would have its three hits to set up a counter attack and score points. Then both teams would be under equitable completive circumstances and whichever team scored first, would win the advantages of the serve.
And, only the first serve of the person occupying or rotating into the service position would be subject to penalty. Otherwise, all that would have been created, would be an inversion of what has degenerated the game of volleyball under the rally point scoring system; where every non-competitive action off any serve, is an unearned error point for the service team's opponent. It is enough that a team loses a point and the scoring advantages of the serve, off the first serve. Making a bad serve on any subsequent serves would cost the service team its scoring advantage, but any further non-competitive serve would remain neutral.
The serve, in a team net sport, should create an atmosphere of anxiety not conditions of anticipation for the service team's opponents. The competitive environment in a situation where there is offensive and defensive scoring system requires adjustments in order for the service team to maintain its scoring advantage. The service team would have the advantage of two point aces and an optional scoring technique to offset its own penalty in service. The two point ace occurs when, off the serve, a receiving team player hits a served ball out of play or grounds it on the receiving team's court, before another player of the receiving team can touch it. And, a xunk is a type of ace in which a served ball is sent over the net and grounded on the receiving team's court untouched. In a situation where the service team has scored a xunk, it has the option of penalizing its opponent's a point/s or scoring it as a two-point ace for himself or herself.
By incorporating a service team penalty point and a receiving team's two hit play, point restriction system off the serve, a back court multiple point scoring system, beginning with the service team's three hit advantage during volley, would be developed to enrich the game with new strategies, progressive scoring opportunities, further diminish the impact of either team's non-competitive penalty plays, and bring the game to a higher level of competitive action. Therefore, as in service, where a position is designated for a particular scoring method, another position under a different competitive situation would be identified for a certain scoring method also. The center back player (cbp) would be the team position marked for backcourt scoring. The cbp would not be allowed to make any plays within the ten-foot line of the net. However, when the cbp of either team hits a ball and sends it over the net and scores, two points would be awarded to whichever team the cbp plays for.
In an offensive and defensive scoring team net sport, the privilege of being able to put a closure to a set or game should always be with the team in service. Every play and all succeeding maneuvers in a game originate from the serve. And, by its circumstances of determining any subsequent course of action or reaction, the team in service is the game's progenitor. Every game starts with a serve and every game ends with a serve. It is the service team's charge to incite and create an emotional and physical environment of challenges that would test the athletic and mental skills of its adversary. It is the service team's opponent who is indebted to respond.
It is by the burden of the serve, that this kind of team net sport finds its beginning, its momentum, and its conclusion. Therefore, by the importance of its position, winning a set/game should be restricted and privileged to the team responsible for bringing the game to that state of development. And, the only competitive situation or circumstances in which a set/game can be concluded, is off the serve. Only the service team has earned the right to win a set or game.

There are, however, a couple of anomalies that have to be dealt with in the multiple points, offensive and defensive, side out scoring system. One of those anomalies is that, it is possible that the service team's opponents, in defensive scoring, will score enough points to be at or over set/game point first. And, the other anomaly is that set or game point floats.
Of the first anomaly, the situation can be managed by two methods. Whichever team in service that scores the point difference needed, wins the set/game. The other solution is to mark what ever score ends a set/game, and if both teams are at or over set/game point at the same time, regardless of how many points each team has scored, it is the first team in service that scores set/game point that wins; with this method teams are not playing for points, they are playing for the set, using a point differential system would be an overkill.
Of the second anomaly, and under the multiple point, offensive and defensive, side out scoring system, either team can score to set point without being at set point to do it. If a set is marked at point 21, its normal set point is 20. But, either the team in service or its opponents can earn a two-point play off the serve or from the backcourt at 19 points to score them at 21. In this case, set point for that team starts at 21. And, whichever team scored the two points, will have the serve and the opportunity to finish off the set/game.
Those aforewritten descriptions under the title of "Therapy" of how to develop a multiple point, offensive and defensive, side out scoring system are not suggestions, they are instructions. The basic ideas, as they have been described, come from the creation of the first team net sport ever responsible for the concept, development, and incorporation of offensive and defensive scoring, two point aces, two point backcourt scoring, penalty points, hitting and kicking, vertical areas of play, and a quarter/set system of play where a game can be won by the total number of points scored in four sets. This game is called Rocball.
Rocball has been a successful annual sporting activity since 1980. Rocball has been culturally adopted as the indigenous sport of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, it is presently in its third decade of existence, and it has been documented and copyrighted with the Library of Congress in Washington D.C. numerously since 1980. The foundation, on which Rocballís offensive and defensive scoring system was based, is volleyball's side out scoring system.
What W.G. Morgan created back in 1895 was a team net sport with a balance of challenges. The team in service had the scoring advantage and the receiving team worked against the score for the advantages of the serve. Morgan's side out scoring system is pure and simple. But, in its simplicity, is its complexity. Volleyball without offensive and defensive scoring is a repetitive game fertile with absent objectives. In working with Morgan's side out scoring system, serious changes had to be made in order to adapt a team net sport with a offensive and defensive scoring system that reflected Morgan's balance of challenges for volleyball's side out scoring system.
In the process of designing a prototype offensive and defensive scoring system, radical changes to volleyball's traditional side out scoring system were necessary. It was therefore, logical and essential to the success of the project to experiment with new ideas. The products of those efforts are Rocball's intellectual property. They include the unique idea of creating an offensive and defensive scoring system in a team net sport, unrestricted hitting which includes kicking, penalty points, the use of all four corners of the court for service, the addition of vertical areas of play, the quarter/set system of play and more. Thus, by so drastically altering the competitive environment of this kind of team net sport, we accomplished what we set out to complete. We created a new game, unlike any previously known, a team net sport designed with new structures of competitive features, scoring techniques, and revolutionary areas of play. We changed the game so dramatically, we changed its name.
Then, as early as 1981 and many times more since then, we introduced and solicited the FIVB, among other sport's organizations like the United States Volleyball Association, the United States Olympic Committee, the International Olympic Committee, the General Association of Sport's Federation, the Asian Pacific Oceania Sport's Association etc. for their interest. And, in addition to years of local, regional, national, and international news releases, as we did eventually make an impact on the FIVB when in March of 1993 and April of 1994, Rocball was exposed internationally on CNN World Report. It wasn't until after Rocball exposure on CNN, that in the fall of 1994, did the FIVB start making any major rule changes to volleyball. But, even if the cause for the FIVB to make changes because of Rocball's success is up for speculation, before the creation of Rocball, there was no other development of an offensive and defensive scoring system for a team net sport.

James W. Feger
Physical Education Department
Marianas High School
P.O. Box 501481
Susupe, Saipan
MP 96950 http://www.saipan.com/business/rocball/index.htmNew
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